by Adrian-Liviu Dorofte

Mercedes-Benz-Blog TRIVIA: A history with pulling power - Mercedes-Benz all-wheel-drive vehicles

The history of four-wheel-drive vehicles at Mercedes-Benz dates back to the early years of the 20th century, when Paul Daimler traced the sketches of a 4x4 automobile in 1903. The car was then introduced into production four years later, in 1907, it was known as the "Dernburg-Wagen" and featured an all-wheel steering system.

However, it was still based mostly on previously-designed series models, specifically on army trucks equipped with an identical steering system that were assembled by Daimler-Motoren Gesellschaft between 1905 and 1906. Another prominent achievement of that period was the cooperation with Krupp AG, which led to the production of the KD1 artilery tractor from 1917. By mid-1920s, the newly-formed Daimler-Benz AG was releasing the versatile MTw 1 vehicle, which could go both backwards and forwards thanks to ingenious technical solutions for the transmission and steering system. Approaching the 1930s and then the period of the Second World War, the G 4 and G 5 models saw the light of day to be used primarily as means of transport in battlefield areas by the German Ministry of Defence. After 1945, Mercedes-Benz concentrated on developing useful all-wheel traction systems for medium-sized and heavy-duty trucks, but also mastered a one-of-a-kind machine: the Unimog. During the end of the '60s and in the '70s, the ingenious range of various MBtrac agricultural tractors was unleashed and then, by 1979, the iconic G-Class 4WD vehicle was born. At the 1985 edition of the IAA, Mercedes-Benz revealed the new 4MATIC system, superior in every aspect to all the previous technologies used by the German constructor, which was to reach on the W 124 series E-Class in 1987 as an optional equipment. Nowadays, almost any model in the Mercedes-Benz lineup, whether it is a passenger, a truck or a van, can be ordered with a 4x4 chassis. And the technical progress can never be stopped, as engineers from Stuttgart are constantly refining and enriching the 4MATIC solution to make it even more safe, efficient and fun to drive.

Read the complete history of the all-wheel-drive vehicles produced by Mercedes-Benz >> HERE

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